NOTE: For a PDF copy of this segment, please click here. This will enable you to print out the entire text of the article. [Rev 1]
Key Concepts of Mishlei 11-04 (Wealth and Misfortune)
People accumulate wealth as a bulwark against misfortune. They think that the more money they have the more protected they are. But they are mistaken, because the money they spend may be a better protection than the money they save. That is the case if the money is used to give charity to help those in need. It is the tzedakah the gave which will save them from death.
(ד) לֹא־יוֹעִיל הוֹן בְּיוֹם עֶבְרָה וּצְדָקָה תַּצִּיל מִמָּוֶת:
Wealth will not help in the day of wrath, but charity will save from death.
Even honestly acquired wealth will be of no help when a person faces tragedy. But what can save him is the charity he gave during his lifetime.
A very similar message is given by the proverb in Segment 10-02. However, in that proverb Mishlei was referring to dishonestly acquired wealth. Now he is adding that even honestly acquired wealth is of little value comnpared to the money he spent in doing mitzvos.
(ד) לֹא יוֹעִיל הוֹן בְּיוֹם עֶבְרָה
וּצְדָקָה תַּצִּיל מִמָּוֶת:
Wealth will not help a person survive in the day of Hashem’s wrath — לֹא־יוֹעִיל הוֹן בְּיוֹם עֶבְרָה , especially in wartime, but the charity that he gave will save him from death — וּצְדָקָה תַּצִּיל מִמָּוֶת – even on the day of wrath.
A series of insights illuminating this proverb are presented below. The numbers identifying the insights refer to the listing of sources of at the end of the segment.
(1) Even honestly acquired wealth will not protect the owner from unexpected personal misfortune.
(2) If wealth is honestly acquired it may prove to be of some value, but only under normal world conditions, such as during peace time.
(3) During times of war or calamity when Hashem is expressing His anger over the sins of mankind, even the wealth that a person has acquired honestly willl be of no value in saving him.
(4) At the time of a person’s death, when he is personally subject to the judgment of Hashem over his sins, the material wealth he acquired during his lifetime will be of no help to him.
(5) If wealth is honestly acquired with conscious attention to the laws of the Torah, including the practice of tzedek (going beyond the letter of the law), it will work in his favor to save him from the eternal death of Gehinnom.
(6) If a person gives a suitable portion of his wealth to charity, it will save him from personal disaster.
(7) The charity that an individual has given will work in his favor to save him from death even in times of war when Hashem is expressing His anger over the sins of mankind.
(8) The charity that a person gives will save him from the eternal death of Gehinnom.
(9) At the time of a person’s death, when he is subject the the wrath of Hashem over his sins, special note will be taken of the charity he gave during his lifetime, and that will contribute to his surving the eternal death of Gehinnom.
The primary sources used for the insights illuminating this segment are listed below.
(1) – רבינו יונה, המאירי, רלב”ג
(2) – מלבי”ם
(3) – מלבי”ם
(4) – הגר”א
(5) -חנוך לנער
(6) – רבינו יונה, המאירי, רלב”ג
(7) – מצודות, מלבי”ם
(8) – חנוך לנער
(9) – הגר”א