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Mishlei 11-28


Key Concepts

People accumulate wealth to give them a sense of security and freedom. They think that as long as they have wealth anything is possible for them because they see wealth as power. They fail to realize that their wealth is temporary and when they lose it, they will lose the sense of power that gives meaning to their lives.

A person is foolish to put his whole trust in something evanescent like wealth. The tzadikim (righteous) on the other put their trust in their relationship with Hashem. Since He is eternal, that relationship extends beyond life in this world into the eternity of the World to Come.

Exploring Mishlei

בּוֹטֵחַ בְּעָשְׁרוֹ הוּא יִפֹּל וְכֶעָלֶה צַדִּיקִים יִפְרָחוּ

(28) The one who trusts in his wealth will fall,
but the righteous will flourish like a leaf.

Somebody who treats his wealth as the most important thing in his life will suffer an emotional collapse when he loses it. In contrast the trust of tzadikim causes them to be like the leaf of a tree which blooms with new life with each new season.

The primary message of this proverb concerning wealth is equally applicable to the person who places the focus of his life upon anything that is limited to this world, such as health or physical strength. When he loses that he has no more reason to go on living.

NOTE: There are many other proverbs in Mishlei that offer guidance for those who have wealth or seek it. See the Concepts Index under the listing “Wealth.”

Learning Mishlei

(28) The person who trusts in his wealth בּוֹטֵחַ בְּעָשְׁרוֹ
will fall הוּא יִפֹּל.
when he encounters misfortune.
But like a leaf, וְכֶעָלֶה
that appears again each spring and protects the fruit that grows in its shade,
the tzadikim will flourish
צַדִּיקִים יִפְרָחוּ

Additional Insights


(1) Besides being inadequate as lifelong security, a person’s wealth may actually be the cause of his downfall, as when his robbers and kidnappers are attracted by his wealth. (אבן עזרא, רבינו יונה)

(2) A person who puts his trust in his wealth may be brought low by Hashem in the course of being punished for his misplaced trust. (רבינו יונה)

(3) A person who possesses wealth must take extra precautions to prevent it from distracting him from his bitachon (trust) in Hashem. (המאירי)

(4) A person who takes pride in his wealth, thinking that this will make him superior to others, will be be brought down in punishment for his misplaced arrogance. (רלב”ג)

(5) It is in the nature of a person’s fortune to grow and diminish in a cyclical manner. When he sees his fortune on the downswing it will cause him great emotional pain if that is what is most important to him. (הגר”א)

(6) A person who is focused on his wealth will find that his wealth corrupts him so that he does not take pity on the needy and does not fear Hashem. This will cause his downfall.( אבן יחייא)

(7) Just as the leaf protects the growing fruit, it is the responsibility of those with wealth to support those who are immersed in learning. If they do not do so, they will experience their own downfall. (שבט מיהודה)

(8) A wealthy person is tempted to think he is worthy of such an achievement and that he does not have to work on any further improvement. This will contribute to his downfall. (דעת סופרים)


(9) Tzadikim who trust in Hashem will see their yeshuah come quickly like a leaf that sprouts forth from the tree in the springtime. Although they give away much money for tzedakah, their possessions are blessed and continue to increase. (רבינו יונה, אבן יחייא)

(10) Once it sprouts the leaf continues to grow day by day, serving as a model for the flourishing tzadikim. (המאירי)

(11) The leaf serves as a protection for the growing fruit. In the same way the tzadikim provide a protective setting to enable the fruits of their labors.  (רלב”ג)

(12) Although the leaf may fall in the wintertime it always come back and grows again in the spring. Likewise when tzadikim encounter difficult times they have bitachon that they will rise again. (הגר”א)

(13) If a person focuses only on his wealth it is like leaves without fruit, and when it withers there is nothing. In contrast, the wealth of tzadikim serves as a protection from the distractions of life, so that they can produce their “fruit” of Torah learning and avodah. (מלבי”ם)

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