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Key Concepts of Mishlei 14-14 (Complacency)
It is natural for people to want to feel good about themselves and to be happy with whatever level of effort they are expending on doing mitzvos. This attitude can be helpful in supporting the mental stability everyone needs to succeed in life. However, a person also needs to be aware that it is a recipe for mediocrity. Finding the proper balance between complacency and anxiety is the challenge that everyone should be prepared to face.
A person who is comfortable with mediocrity will not be able to grow in character and wisdom. He will not be able to engage in the continuous improvement that the Creator expects of him. Furthermore, everyone is subject to the continuing deterioration of self-discipline as a result of temptation and weariness. Thus, by accepting a static level of personal achievement, a man is likely to regress.
To stimulate continuing personal growth in doing mitzvos, a person should live with the yirah (fear) of failing in his duty to Hashem. If he avoids complacency and accepts the motivating force provided by this fear, he will be ready to question his own thinking. He will be in a continuing search for truth and will be open to advice and guidance from the wise people of his generation.
(יד) מִדְּרָכָיו יִשְׂבַּע סוּג לֵב וּמֵעָלָיו אִישׁ טוֹב:
The evasive heart is satisfied with its ways, but the good man turns from himself.
This proverb refers to a complacent man as an individual with an evasive heart. The heart, representing his mind, resists any advice or thoughts that question the rightness of what he is doing and how he is behaving. Such a self-satisfied man is not a “good” man because only a good man will accept self-improvement as a critical motivating force in his life. The good man looks beyond himself for his goals. He is eager to accept guidance and advice from those who are wiser than he.
Navigating Mishlei. The message of complacency is also addressed in Mishlei Segment 12-15 (Wisdom and Humility). The proverb in that segment teaches that it is a sign of humility to resist complacency. In the absence of humility a person’s instinctive pride causes him to assume he is right and there is no need to consult with anyone.
(יד) מִדְּרָכָיו יִשְׂבַּע סוּג לֵב
וּמֵעָלָיו אִישׁ טוֹב:
The man of evasive heart resists wisdom and is satisfied with his ways — מִדְּרָכָיו יִשְׂבַּע סוּג לֵב , but the good man turns from the self-affirmation he finds in himself — וּמֵעָלָיו אִישׁ טוֹב and looks for guidance from wiser men.
A series of insights illuminating this proverb are presented below. The numbers identifying the insights refer to the listing of sources at the end of the segment.
(1) The complacent man ( סוּג לֵב ) relies on his own thinking and doesn’t consult with anyone else to determine whether their opinion might be more valid tham his own. He assumes that there is no faulty logic in his own thoughts because he is toltally confident in the clarity of his thinking. He never actually investigates his opinions for in most cases he adopts the first conclusion that comes to mind.
(2) The archetype of a complacent man was Esav who was happy with his life as a hunter and resisted the opportunity to learn from the wisdom of his brother Yaakov.
(3) The good man turns away from a close association with the complacent man. He wants to avoid anyone who draws the wrath of Hashem upon him.
(4) The good man avoids the complacent man because he has found that he cannot have any positive effect on him, seeing that the complacent man is resistant to instruction or guidance.
(5) The complacent man performs mitzvos to meet his obligation rather than with a sense of serving Hashem. Thus, his actions are by rote and mechanical in nature, geared to outward appearances.
(6) The good man does not satisfy himself with his own ways, but with ways of the man who is superior to him in wisdom and saintliness, the man he seeks to emulate.
The primary sources used for the additional insights illuminating this segment are listed below.
(1) – רבינו יונה
(2) – רש”י
(3) – רש”י
(4) – המוסר והדעת
(5) – חסיד יעב”ץ
(6) – חסיד יעב”ץ