When individuals get into arguments about the ownership of property, they generally
turn to a judicial authority to resolve the conflict. However, there may not be
sufficient evidence to point to a clear solution. In such case the judge or Beis Din may
recommend a process of arbitration where both parties agree in advance to accept
the outcome. An example of an arbitration process involves a lottery or the casting of
a lot ( גוֹרָל ). Since the outcome of the lottery cannot be predicted in advance, the
two parties can more easily accept that it reflects the will of Hashem.