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Mishlei 12-14 (Speech and Action)
 
 
NOTE: For a PDF copy of this segment, please click here. This will enable you to print out the entire text of the article. [Rev 1]
Key Concepts of Mishlei 12-14 (Speech and Action)
Although the power of speech can be a source of great harm as discussed in the previous segment, it can also be a source of great good. In fact. just as a person can do good through physical action, such as giving charity and helping another, so can he do good through well-chosen words of kindness. In fact, Mishlei teaches us that words can have a greater effect than action.
A good person is like a fruit-bearing tree and his words are the fruit. The fruit of any process refers to the the most valuable result from that process. Likewise the words produced by the mouth of the good person represent his best qualities, his collected wisdom, which he shares with others. But whereas the fruit of the tree feeds other creatures, the good person himself benefits from the fruit of his mouth because it makes him a better person. He is also rewarded by Hashem for the good that he has achieved through learning Torah and inspiring others.
Exploring Mishlei
(יד) מִפְּרִי פִי־אִישׁ יִשְׂבַּע־טוֹב וּגְמוּל יְדֵי־אָדָם [ישוב] יָשִׁיב לוֹ:
A man will be filled to satisfaction with good from the fruit of his mouth and the reward of man’s handiwork will be rendered to him.
The proverb compares the good that a person does using his mouth with the good that he does using his hands. He is rewarded by Hashem for both, but he reaps an extra benefit from the words of his mouth because the more he uses his mouth to express the wisdom of the Torah the better a person he becomes.
Because the good that can be done with a man’s words may have a greater effect than that done with the hands, Mishlei refers to the man of words as “ish (איש) suggesting a man of special nobility. In contrast the ordinary man who does good with his hands is referred as “adam (אדם) .
Similarly, the benefit achieved by the man of words is described with concept of being satisfied, which suggests that he will be blessed with an unlimited flow, as much as he needs. In contrast, the benefit to the man of action is described with the concept of direct payment or recompense (גמול) .
Mishlei also provoides a number of otheer proverbs supporting the beneficial use of the power of speech, such as in Segment 10-11, “The mouth of the tzaddik is a wellspring of life.
Learning Mishlei
(יד) מִפְּרִי פִי אִישׁ יִשְׂבַּע טוֹב 
וּגְמוּל יְדֵי אָדָם <ישוב> יָשִׁיב לוֹ:
From the words which are the fruit of a good man’s mouth  מִפְּרִי פִי־אִישׁ  he will be rewarded and filled to satisfaction with blessings and good qualities  יִשְׂבַּע־טוֹב . Similarly, the reward of a man’s handiwork  וּגְמוּל יְדֵי־אָדָם  will be rendered to him  יָשִׁיב לוֹ !
Additional Insights
A series of insights illuminating this proverb are presented below. The numbers identifying the insights refer to the listing of sources at the end of the segment.
(1) A person should seek to use his power of speech to do mitzvos even more than with the power of his hands. Examples are to express the wisdom of the Torah, to advise and counsel, to sanctify the Name of Heaven, to inspire and persuade.
(2) Just as the best powers of a tree are devoted to its fruit, so are the best powers of a good man devoted to the fruit of his mouth.
(3) Just as the fruit of a tree is best when it is fully ripened, so is the fruit of a man’s mouth at its best when the wisdom that he expresses has been fully matured and the man has reached the stage of shleimus (wholeness and perfection).
(4) If a person speaks effectively to another and inspires him to do mitzvos, he is rewarded for all the good things that other person did because of his encouragemernt.
(5) If a talmid chacham is learning and out loud and another overhears him, the talmid chacham is rewarded for all the good deeds that the second person did as a result of what he heard.
(6) A person who does a mitzvah is rewarded in this world and the next. What he receives in this world is like the fruit of an investment (the profit generated by the investment), but the return of capital comes in the next world.
Sources
The primary sources used for the additional insights illuminating this segment are listed below.
(1) – רבינו יונה
(2) – מלבי”ם
(3) – מלבי”ם
(4) – הגר”א
(5) – אלשיך
(6) – רש”י