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Mishlei 12-15 (Wisdom and Humility)
NOTE: For a PDF copy of this segment, please click here. This will enable you to print out the entire text of the article. [Rev 0]
Key Concepts of Mishlei 12-15 (Wisdom and Humility)
It is a sign of wisdom to question your own thinking and consult with someone else who is even wiser. It is also a sign of humility because your instinctive pride causes you to assume you are right and there is no need to consult with anyone. A person who lets his pride or his desires prevent him from seeking advice is a fool.
A wise person is also receptive to criticism because he knows that there is a real possibility that his judgment has been clouded by his eagerness to obtain a desired result.
Exploring Mishlei
(טו) דֶּרֶךְ אֱוִיל יָשָׁר בְּעֵינָיו וְשֹׁמֵעַ לְעֵצָה חָכָם:
The way of a fool is good in his own eyes, but the one who listens to advice is a wise man.
The proverb contrasts the attitude of a fool and a wise man regarding seeking and heeding advice. It is exactly the opposite of what one might expect. The person who needs advice the most is the one who is least likely to seek it or to respond to it. This is because the attitude of a fool is charactertized by foolish pride and the attitude of a wise man is characterized by his humility.
Learning Mishlei
(טו) דֶּרֶךְ אֱוִיל יָשָׁר בְּעֵינָיו 
וְשֹׁמֵעַ לְעֵצָה חָכָם:
The way of a fool  דֶּרֶךְ אֱוִיל  is good in his own eyes  יָשָׁר בְּעֵינָיו so he doesn’t seek advice nor does he heed criticism. But the one who seeks and listens to the advice of others is a wise man  וְשֹׁמֵעַ לְעֵצָה חָכָם .
Additional Insights
A series of insights illuminating this proverb are presented below. The numbers identifying the insights refer to the listing of sources at the end of the segment.
(1) A man who considers his own way as good may still be considered wise as long as he seeks the advice of others. He does so because he still considers the possibility that he has overlooked something.
(2) The fool thinks of himself as wise because he doesn’t feel the need to consult with anyone.
(3) The fool is misled by the “good life” of material pleasures. He doesn’t listen to the wise counsel that tells him that such temptations will lead him to a tragic result. The wise man rejects them because he pays attention to the wisdom of the Torah.
(4) A person should always suspect his own motivations and consider the possibility that he is being misled by temptation. This means he should consult with another person to get the benefit of an independent perspective.
(5) Even a wise man who is guides others in making the right choices should find someone wiser than himself to consult with so that he will avoid making a mistake.
(6) The wise man responds positively to criticism because he wants to be told what he is doing wrong. He considers the possibility that he cannot see it himself.
(7) The fool follows an undisciplined, inconsistent pattern of thinking, so he assumes that whatever comes into his mind is the right thing. In contrast the wise man does not do anything without thinking it through and that process involves consulting with someone wiser than he.
(8) A person who considers his own way infallible is a fool. Someone who has already acquired wisdom appreciates how much is needed to grasp the truth correctly and to distinguish between right and wrong.
Sources
The primary sources used for the additional insights illuminating this segment are listed below.
(1) – אלשיך
(2) – מצודות
(3) – מלבי”ם, אבן יחייא
(4) – רבינו יונה
(5) – רבינו יונה
(6) – המאירי
(7) – הגר”א
(8) – רשר”ה